Round one of "Ask a UAPx Physicist" is now complete - check the Q&A below:

Our first round was a stunning success - we had a tremendous amount of questions come in from our discord community (if you aren't a member there yet, click the discord link at the bottom of this page.)

Initially we were only going to select one question and answer, but we found three great questions that Dr. Matthew Szydagis, Ph.D, one of our physicists took the time to answer in great detail. Here you go!

Question 1 came from user Sesej:

“There's often mention of the speeds and movements at which UAPs can travel, and that pilots would be killed just due to the amount of g-forces you'd experience. For abduction stories of humans being taken aboard a craft, what could possibly prevent them from not experiencing the g-forces if the craft travels with them aboard?”

Dr. Szydagis answered as follows:

If space-time warping is involved, then the g-forces experienced inside of the “warp bubble” would actually be zero, surprisingly, even while in motion, even at FTL speeds! The math as to why this is the case is long and difficult, but here is a popular, but still rigorous (from a university at least) article that may help you:

Question 2 came from user Coach T:

“If these objects travel in their own space and time what is the need for exterior lights that people claim to see?”

Dr. Szydagis answered as follows:

The only plausible explanation with which I am familiar as at least one potential solution for your very good question comes from Prof. Eric Davis (, who suggested to me at last year’s SCU (Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies) conference (AAPC 2021, that the lights observed are not intentional mechanical devices (as per human-made airplanes for example) but are accidents caused by Doppler blue-shift boosting of light from IR or lower frequencies up to visible (and higher even, into UV and x-ray/gamma-rays, thus potentially also explaining some claims of radiation-burn/sun-burn-like injuries, as per the recent French government report,, not translated unfortunately except for the summary into English and other languages). The Doppler shift of photons would be a byproduct of space-time warping potentially. To read more about this effect please see It is similar to what happens with sound. See also: about space-time warping. Thank you again for your question, which is very common, since there should be no need to use “navigational lights” in outer space (per the U.S.S. Enterprise on Star Trek haha!) and so debunkers often claim this disproves the possibility of at least some UFOs being spacecraft of extraterrestrial origin.

And the third and final question of Round One comes from user UFOTitan who asked:

“Based on our current understanding of physics, what exactly would it take to warp space time, or do whatever the tic tacs seemed to be doing? What kind of physics would it take to fit that kind of energy source/ability inside a small craft? Proportionally, is it kind of the equivalent of fitting a nuclear reactor inside of a hot wheels car?”

Dr. Szydagis' response was:

To warp space-time will require vast amounts of energy based on our current understanding of physics, which we can call solid in this case, since we are relying upon GR (General Relativity) which has proven over and over again to be a good theory, most recently with the discovery of gravitational waves, with multiple observations of them from different sources. However, it would not be *against* the laws of physics in that sense, but rather require an incredible feat of engineering, exactly as you hint with your toy-car reactor analogy. Unless that was fusion or even antimatter-based though even your great analogy (if you meant nuclear fission e.g. with Uranium) would still not be enough! The amounts of power (energy per unit of time, typically quoted by scientists in Watts or GW for example, i.e., Gigawatts or 10^9 or 1 billion Watts) needed for the motions (velocities as well as accelerations) observed being executed by some of the alleged craft observed by the United States Navy were estimated to by Prof. Kevin Knuth of UAPx and SCU colleagues as vast, in this peer-reviewed scientific publication (Open source: readable here – Vast here means the GW range. We must distinguish however between the ability to warp space-time from the ability to go faster than light, which is NOT needed (due to special relativistic time dilation) for traversing large interstellar distances in reasonable time frames. Space-time warping may be a useful means for propulsion both inside/outside of atmospheres, for ANY speed, avoiding sonic booms in air, for example.

You may have read that it’d take “negative energy” (which we don’t even know exists, and is not actually predicted to exist by any theory or model, even worse!) to warp space-time, but that is only if you want to go FTL, and even there experts do not agree if it is needed, as positive energy, in the form of a high-temperature plasma may suffice (see the work of Dr. Erik Lentz). Speaking of plasma, another possibility is that there NO “warping” of space-time, but a less exotic explanation for craft motions, something within human-tech capabilities already perhaps even as black ops projects at least: using a plasma bubble (see the works of Jean-Pierre Petit and Leik Myrabo for instance) to achieve sonic-boom-less hypersonic speeds in the Earth’s atmosphere via ionization of the air in front of a missile or craft. This would not explain the calculated accelerations (commonly known as “g-forces”) however, which would flatten not only organics but also any known materials. But a “warp bubble” should be 0 g.